Mobile phones with cutting edge features like those of individual computers are showing up in more individuals’ pockets and hands. Mobile phones’ prevalence and generally less security have made them a possible target for attackers of different countries. These attackers take examples of days like Valentine’s Day (sending fake things to lovers) or target citizens of countries when the war of words takes place (like a sudden spike on the cyber attack in India ).
Mobile phones give users mobile access to email, the web, GPS and numerous different applications. Be that as it may, mobile phone security has not stayed up with conventional computer security. Specialized safety efforts, for example, firewalls, antivirus and encryption, are uncommon on mobile phones and mobile phone operating systems (Android or iOS) are not updated as often as those on computer systems.
Mobile phones are turning out to be increasingly more significant as targets for an attack by a hacker. Individuals are using mobile phones for various things and frequently store sensitive information, for example, email, schedules, contact data, and passwords, on the devices.
Many users may believe mobile phone security to be less significant than the security of their computers, yet the results of attack on mobile phones can be similarly serious. In cyber attacks, malicious software can make a mobile phone a member of a network of different systems that can be managed by an attacker then an attacker can perform malicious activities like extracting all data from the device or can perform illegal activity by your mobile phone identity.
Following are the best practices with respect to Mobile Phone Security which can decrease the probability or outcomes of a cyber attack by hackers.
1. While buying a mobile phone:-
Consider its security highlights. Ask questions to the service provider as to whether the mobile device offers a file encryption method, feature to wipe the data present in the device remotely, feature to delete the known malicious applications remotely, and authentication methods like device pattern or passcode passwords. If any of the above features are not present in the device, just do not buy it. If you intend to use your mobile phone for VPN access, ask the provider as to whether the device supports certificate-based validation or not.
2. If you back up your data:-
From a mobile phone to a computer system, search for an option to encrypt your data.
3. Set your mobile phone settings:-
To be more secure. Numerous mobile phones have a feature that locks your mobile phone until the right PIN or passcode is entered. Enable this security feature in your mobile phone and pick a sensibly complex passcode. Also enable encryption, remotely data wipe options, and antivirus software if any installed on your device.
4. Set your web-based accounts:-
To use secure connections. Accounts for specific websites can be set to use secure, encoded connections (look for “HTTPS” or “SSL” on the website). It will stop attackers from eavesdropping on your web account sessions.
5. Try not to follow links:-
Sent in suspicious email or instant text messages. Such connections may prompt malicious websites or even download ransomware on your mobile phone.
6. Stop showing your mobile:-
Phone to strange people. Think cautiously before posting your mobile phone number to any random website. Attackers can use different kinds of illegal softwares to gather mobile phone numbers from the websites and afterward use those numbers to target attacks.
7. Cautiously consider what:-
Data you need to store on your mobile phone, any attacker could get your stored data using social engineering or any malware.
8. Be serious when choosing:-
Installing applications on your mobile devices. Do a little research on applications before installing them. Check what permissions the application requires. If the application asks for permission which the application does not need, don’t install them on your mobile phone. It could be a Trojan or Malware, could be storing malicious code in a complete package.
9. Disable interfaces that are :-
Not as of now being used, for example, Bluetooth, infrared, or Wi-Fi. Attackers can misuse those vulnerabilities present in software that uses these interfaces.
10. Set Bluetooth-enabled systems:-
To be non-discoverable. When they are in discoverable mode, your Bluetooth-enabled devices are visible in the Bluetooth list searched by the attacker or any other devices, which may make an attacker aware of your target. When in non-discoverable mode, your Bluetooth-enabled devices are undetectable to other unauthenticated devices.
11. Make sure not to join:-
Unknown Wi-Fi systems and use open Wi-Fi hotspots. Attackers can create fake Wi-Fi hotspots intended to attack your mobile phones and may monitor open Wi-Fi systems for unsecured devices.
12. Erase all data stored:-
In your device before selling or destroying it. Check the website of the device’s manufacturer for safely erasing information.
13. Be cautious when using:-
Social media applications. These applications may reveal more personal information than intended and to unintended third party services or even hackers. Be particularly cautious when using services that track your location.
14. Numerous authentic applications:-
Or websites are malicious. Anybody can build applications for probably the most well known operating systems. Sources that are not associated with mobile service providers may likewise offer unregulated applications that have access to your data. So you have to be aware and do your own research about the product before using them.
15. Phishing attacks use electronic:-
Digital devices to spoof users into installing malicious apps or capturing the user’s sensitive data. Email phishing is a normal attack on digital devices. Mobile phone users are also vulnerable to phishing voice calls which are also called vishing and SMS/MMS messages, also called Smishing. These attacks target mobile phone users and try to spoof users into different kinds of banks, KYC, and UPI frauds.
Note : Take suitable actions quickly if your mobile phone gets compromised or attacked by an attacker.